Have you ever wondered how a search engine works? It should be interesting to find out how this search tool redirects you to several websites related to your keywords. Or have you ever experienced moments where the link that says your keywords are not exactly in your mind? You may think that there is something wrong with the search engine that generated irrelevant results.


How does a search engine work?

Two things are very important for search engines to work efficiently and effectively: the electronic search spider and the sitemap.


What is a sitemap?

A sitemap is a page or pages that serve as a directory listing all the documents and files on a website. It is not just a random online listing, but is organized in such a way as to give the web user an idea of ​​how all the information found on the site fits into an outline or framework. It's like looking at a table of contents in a book or looking at a "concept map" of a website's content.


What is a spider?

In SEO language, the spider is not an animal in your toilet. This electronic search spider is actually a bot that collects data and copies the content that should be stored in the search engine's database when entering keywords in the search dialog box. The spider reads the content of the web and sends another bot to follow the links and copy the contents.


What purpose does a sitemap serve for?

A site map like any other map advises a sailor. It primarily targets search engine spiders so that they can properly refer to the keywords entered in your website and in the search dialog. So it's really a useful tool for search engine optimization. A well-organized site map guides the spider to find the information it needs when entering keywords in a search operation.


As a consequence of additional benefits, sitemaps have proven to be useful even to web users. Since a site map shows all the links to the information on a website, it helps the user to remember a specific topic. Many users use the sitemap to navigate through the pages of a website.


What are the advantages of having a sitemap for my site?


1. No page will be ignored

Going back to the purpose of site maps, having one means spiders can quickly and easily track and crawl all over your site. As a result, not only pages with random words, but search engines will surely come to see all the pages on your site.


2. Easy navigation for site visitors

Once a web user has accessed your sitemap, they should not have to go back to the search engine page to find what they want. If your site has what they are looking for, they have an easy and fast way to find it.


3. Potential advertising value

If a relevant product or service company approaches your website, it will be easier for them to see how they are positioned on different pages of your website as a paid page ad.


4. Encourage more traffic to your site

Having a sitemap on your company's website makes it easy for prospective buyers to access your latest products and services. Moreover, the site map will display all the information found on the site so they will not miss any product that may be of future interest.


How to Format Sitemaps?

There are at least three main types of site maps: indexed, complete categorized, and limited taxonomies. An indexed sitemap appears as an alphabetical listing or directory.

A complete taxonomy map shows all links categorized into categories; A limited taxonomy site map shows all the links listed in a selected category at once. Complete and restricted site maps are very similar, all links in all previous categories are displayed on one page at a time, and the second focus is on links under the selected category for easy and low visibility only.


The most commonly used format is the complete classification. Based on the results of a 1999 SURL study of sitemap design, the complete taxonomic format makes it easier for users to search for topics within the site and to compare them between categories.


Here are some tips to help you map your site


1. Link the sitemap to your homepage only.

This is to ensure that the spider starts searching from your homepage to all the pages listed on your sitemap. This way, the spider does not see any pages.


2. Do not go beyond 30 pages for a site map.

Larger websites with 50 pages or more should not exceed 30, as this will add more pages to the site, so search engines may think the sitemap is a linked farm. Also, this prevents online congestion that can be tiring to look at.


3. Check all the links listed on your sitemap.

It can be discouraging when you click on a link just to find nothing

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